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مایا بهتر است یا تری دی مکس؟

Max یا Maya کدامیک بهتر است؟

من تا به حال به فور از علاقه مندان زیادی این خواهش را شنیده ام که یک نفر برای تصمیم گیری آنها در انتخاب این که کدام یک از  نرم افزارهای 3ds Max یا Maya را یاد بگیرند به آنها کمک کند، هنوز بسیاری از طرفدارن این نرم افزارها تمایل به طعنه زدن و معاف کردن خود از جواب دادن به این سوال دارند. من برای پیدا کردن یک جواب قاطع به این سوال تلاشهای زیادی کردم بعد از برخی تحقیقات و تجربیات به این نتیجه رسیدم که Maya خیلی بیشتر از 3ds Max جامع و وسیعتر است در حالی که 3ds Max خیلی بیشتر حسی و ذاتی می­باشد و شیب منحنی یادگیری کمتری دارد. اما مطلب عمیق تر از این حرفها است. شاید شما هم اکنون شگفت زده هستید " چرا و چگونه". برای ساده کردن مطلب من مشاهدات خود را به اشتراک با شما می­گذارم.

 

قبل از اینکه من وارد جزییات بشوم یاد آور می کنم که هم اکنون 3ds Max و Maya  هر دو زیرمجموعه سری نرم افزارهای Autodesk می باشند. 3ds Max سالهای طولانی است که یکی از برندهای Autodesk می باشد در حالی که Maya به تازگی زیر مجموعه این سری از نرم افزارها شده است. هر دوی این نرم افزارها از استانداردهای صنعتی برای Modeling، Animation و Rendering استفاده می کنند. Autodesk در صدد این برنیامد که این دو نرم افزار رقیب را در هم ادغام کند عمدتا به این دلیل که حرفه ای های این نرم افزارها اصلی ترین مهارت خود را در یک تولید بی نقص تنها با یکی از این نرم افزارها دارند.

در بسیاری از زمینه ها Maya و 3ds Max شبیه هم هستند. در 3ds Max برای جابه جا کردن، چرخاندن و تغییر ابعاد از gizmo استفاده می شود، Maya هم ابزار مشابه آن را دارد. 3ds Max هنوز اشکال ظاهری مفرح و با حس تری برای استفاده دارد از طرف دیگر Maya تابع پذیری باطروات و بهبود یافته تری از آنچه 3ds Max ارائه داده است را به نمایش گذاشته است. هم Maya و هم 3ds Max در موتور دوم Rendering خود از Mental Ray استفاده می­کنند تا به هنرمند 3D توانایی ایجاد ظاهر واقعی تر و طبیعی تر دهند.

 

3ds Max همواره تمرکز خود را بر روی طراحان Game گذاشته است. بر خلاف آن Maya تمرکز خود را بر روی CG Film Animation گذاشته است. در یک نگاه کلی هر دوی این نرم افزارها وظایف یکسان انجام می دهند: Model، Render و Animate . با این وجود اگر در مورد تفاوتها صحبت شود حرفهایی از این نوع مطرح می شود: اگر این دو نرم افزار خیلی مشابه هستند تفاوت برجسته در چیست؟ خوب ... تفاوت در  ضعف و قدرت آنهاست.

 

 

 

Autodesk

 Maya 2011

Autodesk

 3ds Max 2011

نقاط قدرت

  • طراحی اشیاء سه بعدی ویژه
  • با آزادی کامل هر Vertex مستقل را دستکاری می کند که به حس بزرگ کنترل و انعطاف پذیری می دهد.
  •  تنظیمات Lighting و ابزار Texture شما را قادر می سازد که اشیاء را واقعی تر نمایید.
  • به راحتی کاراکترهای چند تایی را ایجاد می کند.
  • با تابع “Bi-Ped” شما می توانید اسکلت مجازی انسان را ایجاد کرده و به سرعت کاراکترهای خود را با دادن حرکتهای انسان Animate کنید.
  • به راحتی کاراکترهای چند تایی را ایجاد می کند.

نقاط ضعف

  • فاقد تابع "Bi-Ped" می باشد بنابراین ایجاد استخوان بندی به صورت دستی انجام می گیرد برای ایجاد یک فیلم یا ویدو گیم زمان بر خواهد بود.
  • برای کاربر تازه کار در ابتدا محیط نرم افزار پیچیده و گیج کننده است.
  • توانایی ایجاد صحنه های واقع گرایانه زمان بر و خسته کننده است.
  • مشکلات در خلق صحنه های نما باز به خاطر دوربین به ویژه هنگامی که اشیاء  بزرگ مورد نیاز باشد.
  • توانایی ایجاد صحنه های واقع گرایانه زمان بر و خسته کننده است.
  • مشکلات در خلق صحنه های نما باز به خاطر دوربین به ویژه هنگامی که اشیاء  بزرگ مورد نیاز باشد.

 

 

برای کارهای معماری و تجسمی 3ds Max به شدت مناسب می باشد. در گیم و TV/Broadcast هرد دو نرم افزار برتری یکسان دارند. با این وجود Maya در صنعت فیلم سازی از 3ds Max پیشی گرفته است.

اگر شما طراح گیم باشید، 3ds Max عمدتا گزینه مناسبی خواهد بود چون ابزار کنترل کاراکتر، هندل کردن فیلمبرداری متحرک و لایه بندی متحرک سازی بهتری دارد. برعکس Maya به خاطر افکتهای سیالش معروف است. بنابراین زمانی که شما نیاز به کار با تکنیکهایی به مانند آتش، انفجار، انجار هسته ای ابر، بخار، گردوخاک، مه، ریختن مذاب، لجن و گل دارید Maya گزینه مناسبتری خواهد بود. یک متحرک ساز فیلم نتیجه بهتری با Maya بدست خواهد آورد.

 

 

 

بعد از اینکه من اندکی با Maya آشنا شدم تمایل پیدا کردم به سمت آن بروم به ویژه به مدلینگ NURBS آن. برای آنهایی که با NURBS آشنا نیستند این توضیح لازم است که NURBS سطوح پیچیده با تعداد وجه کم می­باشد. به عنوان مثال اگر شما نیاز به ساخت یک کره با استفاده از polygons داشته باشید کار شما ممکن است با 100 وجه به پایان برسد در حالی که مدلینگ NURB نرم افزار Maya شما همین کار را به یک وجه منفرد می توانید انجام دهید. هیچ محدودیتی برای قوه خلاقیت شما وجود ندارد. انیمیشن ریزش آب از میان صخره ها را تصور کنید و انجامش دهید بله این Maya است و می تواند تصور شما را به تصویر بکشد.

مقایسه بین این دو نرم افزار نیاز به دانش پرتاب موشک ندارد. در زیر جدول مقایسه ای تهیه شده است که به تصمیم گیری شما کمک خواهد کرد.

 

Autodesk

 3ds Max 2011

Autodesk

 Maya 2011

تمرکز بازار

گیم ها

فیلم

بهره وری یادگیری

کمتر از دو ماه

کمتر از سه ماه

محیط نرم افزار

سبک CAD ، ساده و قدرتمند، اندکی حسی تر

شبیه اهنگری، انعطاف پذیر و قدرتمند،

نسبت به 3ds Max از جنبه حسی کمتری برخوردار است

Rendering کیفیت

عالی

عالی

کیفیت w/plugin

عالی

عالی

ابزار متحرک سازی

خیلی خوب

عالی

 ابزار UV (Unwrap, Pelt…)

خیلی خوب

عالی

رنگ آمیزی

ابدا

خیلی خوب

مدلینگ

عالی

خیلی خوب

NURBS

ضعیف

خیلی خوب

مشخصه منحصر بفرد

ParticlesFlow

PaintFX  Fluids Nucleus

بزرگترین

No new features

Learning Curve

پکیج کامل برای تولید گیم

عالی

خیلی خوب

پکیج کامل برای تولید فیلم

خوب

عالی

 

 

خوب به سوال اصلی خود برگردیم، کدامیک را باید انتخاب کنم Maya یا  3ds Max ؟ من ابزار رنگ آمیزی، افکتهای سیال و NURBS مدلینگ را در Maya فوق العاده دیدم. با این وجود سوال این نیست که کدامیک ارجحیت دارد، اما چه استفاده ای از نرم افزار خواهیم کرد.

من با صراحت می گویم شما اگر آشنا به Maya نباشید در صنعت فیلم سازی موفق نخواهید شد. در حالی که 3ds Max و Maya به صورت یکسان در ویدو گیم ها قابل استفاده اند ولی این مطلب را نباید فراموش کرد که 3ds Max استاندارد صنعت گیم سازی را مد نظر گرفته است.

قبل از شروع به کار ضروری است که نرم افزار خود را معین کنید. برخی از کاربران تمایل به پریدن از یک نرم افزار به نرم افزار دیگر دارند، اما وقتی شما در یکی از نرم افزارها استاد شوید بهتر است به همان بچسبید.

من هیچ چیز خاصی در سویچ کردن بین این دو نرم افزار پیدا نکردم. زمانی که شما در کار با یکی از نرم افزارها مهارت کامل به دست می آورید تقریبا هیچ اختلافی در آنچه می توانید به وجود آورید نیست این تنها به شما بستگی دارد که چگونه از ابزار صحیح استفاده می کنید.



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جمعه 24 خرداد 1398 03:51 ق.ظ
Superb blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring
writers? I'm hoping to start my own site soon but I'm a little lost on everything.
Would you propose starting with a free platform like Wordpress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices
out there that I'm totally confused .. Any ideas?
Thanks a lot!
Dự Án Căn Hộ La Cosmo Residence Tân Bình
چهارشنبه 22 خرداد 1398 04:50 ق.ظ
Greetings from Los angeles! I'm bored at work so I
decided to check out your blog on my iphone during lunch break.
I really like the info you provide here and can't wait to take a
look when I get home. I'm amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my mobile ..

I'm not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, great site!
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جمعه 17 خرداد 1398 03:39 ق.ظ
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یکشنبه 12 خرداد 1398 05:50 ق.ظ
I think the admin of this web page is genuinely working hard for his website, for the
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پنجشنبه 9 خرداد 1398 07:23 ق.ظ
This is a topic which is near to my heart... Cheers!
Where are your contact details though?
 
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